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face recognition, processes, roles, concepts, encoding and retrieval processes, errors... More...
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Face Recognition Introduction This is research paper addresses the topic of face recognition Abrief literature review concerning face recognition analyzes the cognitiveprocesses involved with face recognition This is followed by conclusions There are processes associated with face recognition identification and classification Face recognition involves the temporal-occipitalregions of the brain and encoding of facial expressions involves otherareas such as the cingulated gyrus insula amygdale and prefrontalregions Shimamura Ross Bennett Some faces or facialexpressions are recognized identified and classified based on differentfactors For example
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Memory & Cognition, 35(7), 161 -9.Norton, D., McBain, R., & Chen, Y. This is explained by several hypotheses. (2 6). Encoding and retrieval processes are involved with long-term memoryand this affects face recognition. Face Recognition Introduction This is research paper addresses the topic of face recognition. (2 9). D. This may be due to the notion that it is important to be able torecognize a threatening expression for survival, which would involve theability to encode and react to this facial expression. A negative emotion is shown to involve the right-hemisphere and positive emotions involve the left-hemisphere, which affectsoutcomes. Face familiarity isinvolved in the early stage and at this level the face is recognized asfamiliar without specifics recalled. Conclusions In conclusion, there are multiple processes and brain areas involvedwith face recognition, identification, and classification. (2 7). stated that visualsensitivity is decreased with age which affects face recognition butsensory and cognitive mechanisms involved are not understood. Boutet and Faubert (2 6) stated that encoding mechanisms to includefactors such ads reduced contrast sensitivity and reduced ability to form adistinctive representation of a face may also affect outcomes. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13(2), 217-222. These authors found that surprise,happy, fear, and anger-happy expressions were remembered best. Recognition without face identification. 161 ). Boutet andFaubert stated that there are multiple hypotheses related to why facerecognition declines with age. Misidentification and self-recognition may occurwhen a person views a face as familiar in early processing stages whichresults in related semantic information about the person. Age-related declines in recognition memorydue to changes in memory mechanisms lead to this decline in facerecognition ability. Abrief literature review concerning face recognition, analyzes the cognitiveprocesses involved with face recognition. At another level of recognition,semantic information associated with the face may be retrieved without aname. G., & Bennett, H. The interactive activation and competition(IAC) model is used to explain findings that different types of informationare available to a person at different points in time which affects thedaily experiences involved in face recognition. Some faces or facialexpressions are recognized, identified, and classified based on differentfactors. A person may perceive a similarity of oneface based on self-recognition or other sensory misinformation and thisleads to a false identification of the face. Emotions areinvolved in the activation of the brain area and the recognition of a faceor facial expression and this process is explained by the survivalinstinct. Clearyand Specker (2 7) reported that recognition without identification isfound in face recognition. A decline in visual sensitivity withlosses at each stage of the process leads to the decreased ability forrecognition, but these effects are not clearly understood. A person's name is more difficult to retrieve than generalsemantic information. Losses of information at eachstep of the process and deficits at the stages of face recognitionprocesses are found and age is related to an increased need for cognitiveresources for complex tasks with higher activation of prefrontal areas.Boutet and Faubert examined these hypotheses and found that older adultshave problems with encoding related to processing holistic information andsecond-order relations and they had more trouble recognizing faces thanother objects. (2 6). This is followed by conclusions. Shimamura, Ross,and Bennett conducted three experiments with students to explore theprocesses involved in face recognition. Face recognition involves the temporal-occipitalregions of the brain and encoding of facial expressions involves otherareas such as the cingulated gyrus, insula, amygdale, and prefrontalregions (Shimamura, Ross, & Bennett, 2 6). P., Ross, J. Memory & Cognition, 34(4), 854-64.Cleary, A., & Specker, L. Encodingand retrieval mechanism interactions are involved in face recognition andthese are affected by the aging process. ReferencesBoutet, I., & Faubert, J. For example, the encoding of facial expressions can bedissociated from the encoding of the identity of the face and emotionsaffect this process. Age results in a decline in ability torecognize faces. Reduced ability to detect facial configuration in Middle-aged and elderly individuals: Associations with spatiotemporal visual processing. Memory for facial expressions: The power of a smile. Norton et al. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B Psychological sciences and social sciences, 64B(3), 328-34.Shimamura, A. It is possible for recognition to take place withoutidentification or classification. Declines inencoding and retrieval processes involved with long-term memory affectsface recognition in the elderly. The roles of concepts and categories in face recognition,identification, and classification are involved in this process. At any age aperson may make an error in face recognition such as the misidentificationof a face or self-recognition. Norton, McBrain, and Chen (2 9) andBoutet and Faubert (2 6) reported that age-associated impairments arefound with regard to face recognition. There are processes associated with face recognition, identification,and classification. Deficits in recollection of contextual information,impaired memory for new visuospatial information, and problems matchingwith memory explain these outcomes. There are errors that can occur with face recognition such asmisidentification and self-recognition. The roles of concepts and categories involved in facerecognition, identification, and classification are multiple andinteractive. Cleary and Specker (2 7) statedthat it is common for a person to be able to retrieve semantic informationabout someone without being able to retrieve a name, but the reverse isless true. Recognition of faces and complex objects in younger and older adults. A study with students showed that this effectis dependent on the sense of "being in a tip-of-the-tongue state for aparticular name" (p.
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